Can you have a speckled ANA and not have an autoimmune disease?
The speckled pattern is seen in many conditions and in people who do not have any autoimmune disease. These patterns are determined by technical experts who routinely interpret the tests.
Does a speckled ANA test mean lupus?
Peripheral or rim (only the outline of the nucleus is seen, like a halo)—not common, almost always indicates lupus. Speckled (tiny dots throughout the nucleus)—a common pattern, not specific, but often indicating anti-Sm or anti-RNP antibodies (see below) found in lupus or mixed connective tissue disease.
Does speckled ANA always mean autoimmune disease?
By itself, a positive ANA does not in any way mean you have an autoimmune disease or need treatment. It simply means that there are autoantibodies present.
What does an ANA titer of 1 160 speckled mean?
We suggest that ANA tests showing speckled pattern should be at a 1:160 titer or higher to be considered positive; other patterns such as homogeneous, peripheral, or centromeric might be considered positive even at low titers (
What causes positive ANA speckled pattern?
Speckled: Fine and coarse speckles of ANA staining are seen throughout the nucleus. This pattern is more commonly associated with antibodies to extractable nuclear antigens. This pattern can be associated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Sjögren’s syndrome, Systemic Sclerosis, Polymyositis, and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
What does a positive ANA with speckled pattern mean?
Speckled pattern correlates with antibody to nuclear antigens extractable by saline; it is found in many disease states, including SLE and scleroderma. When antibodies to DNA and deoxyribonucleoprotein are present (rim and homogenous pattern), there may be interference with the detection of speckled pattern.
Is ANA speckled pattern normal?
Speckled patterns were the most common patterns. Yilmaz et al.11 reported homogenous pattern in more than half of their patients. In this study, significant associations were found between ANA positivity and RA, SLE and Raynaud phenomenon.
What does speckled pattern ANA mean?
What autoimmune diseases have a speckled pattern?
How common is speckled ANA?
ANA positivity rate was significantly higher in female patients than the male ones (p<0.001). The most frequent ANA patterns were coarse speckled pattern (154 patients, 31.2%), nucleolar pattern (89 patients, 18.0%), fine speckled pattern (57 patients, 11.5%), and speckled pattern (48 patients, 9.7%).
What cancers show positive ANA?
Neoplastic diseases may cause positive ANA. Some authors have described that ANA is found in the sera from lung, breast, head and neck cancer patients as frequently as in RA and SLE 3, 4, 5. Chapman et al. 6 has suggested that in breast cancer they may be used as an aid to early diagnosis.
What does speckled pattern mean?