How are gabions measured?

Traditionally twisted mesh gabions have been: 3′, 4.5′, 6′, 9′, and 12′ in length; 3′ and 4.5′ in width; and 1′,1.5′, and 3′ in height. The below chart shows the standard gabion sizes for both baskets and reno mattresses.

What is gabion rock?

A gabion (from Italian gabbione meaning “big cage”; from Italian gabbia and Latin cavea meaning “cage”) is a cage, cylinder or box filled with rocks, concrete, or sometimes sand and soil for use in civil engineering, road building, military applications and landscaping. For erosion control, caged riprap is used.

Are gabions load bearing?

Size: Gabions take up ample space because of their bulk, which is needed to perform as a load bearing structure.

What size is gabion stone?

Most commonly used is the 200-100mm stone, but 150-75mm and 80-50mm sizes are also used in specific landscape projects. Please note that these sizes are approximate. The mixture of stone and the various sizes of baskets, have opened up a whole new use for the gabion basket.

How high can you build a gabion wall?

Properly constructed, the gabion wall can extend 30 feet high. This requires following proper building procedures but does produce a wall than can stabilize a high bank of soil. The open nature of the stone-filled baskets allows water to drain through the structure and can be channeled away from the soil wall.

How long do gabion cages last?

Gabions are designed to be used in permanent structures but their longevity is directly related to the environment they are installed in. This means life expectancy of gabion walls can be anywhere from 10 to 75 years depending on the install environment.

What is the best stone for gabions?

The most common stones used are granite, sandstone, or quartzite. They may come in any shape, but rounded or rectangular stones will fill the gabion best.

What size rock goes in gabion baskets?

Gabion fill shall be hard and durable and non frost susceptible (rock or stone type) having a minimum dimension not less than 80% of the mesh opening and a maximum dimension of 8 inches. Angular rock is the best gabion fill as it provides a good interlock and therefore less deformation of the face occurs.