What are the 7 characteristics of pea plants?

On the next screen, he reveals that there are seven different traits:

  • Pea shape (round or wrinkled)
  • Pea color (green or yellow)
  • Pod shape (constricted or inflated)
  • Pod color (green or yellow)
  • Flower color (purple or white)
  • Plant size (tall or dwarf)
  • Position of flowers (axial or terminal)

What is the characteristic of pea plant?

The flowers are pink or purple with white or dark purple wings. Its fruits are green pods up to 10 cm long. Inside them there are some seeds (peas) in number from 4 to 10. They can be smooth or rough, depending on the variety.

What are the pea plants?

pea, (Pisum sativum), also called garden pea, herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae, grown virtually worldwide for its edible seeds. Peas can be bought fresh, canned, or frozen, and dried peas are commonly used in soups.

What is the structure of pea plant?

Pea plants have five petals arranged in a distinct shape with a broad banner at the top and smaller wings and keels at the bottom. At the center of the flower, you will find the pistil and stamens, the female and male structures, and an ovary at the base, in which the plant produces seeds.

What are the 7 traits Mendel studied on pea plants?

Mendel used seven pea plant traits in his experiments which include flower color (purple or white), flower position (axil or terminal), stem length (long or short), seed shape (round or wrinkled), seed color (yellow or green), pod shape (inflated or constricted), and pod color (yellow or green).

What is the recessive trait of pea plants?

Green seed and wrinkled seeds were recessive to yellow and round seeds; yellow, constricted pods were recessive to green and full pods. Dwarf stem and white flowers were recessive to tall stem and violet flowers. Thus, the correct answer is option C.

What is special about pea plant in genetics?

Mendel studied the inheritance of seven different features in peas, including height, flower color, seed color, and seed shape. To do so, he first established pea lines with two different forms of a feature, such as tall vs. short height.

Why is pea called pea?

The term pea originates from the Latin word pisum, which is the latinisation of the Greek πίσον (pison), neuter of πίσος (pisos) “pea”. It was adopted into English as the noun pease (plural peasen), as in pease pudding.

Why are they called peas?

In AngloSaxon the word became pise or pisu; later, in English it was “pease.” So many people thought pease was plural that they persisted in dropping the “s” sound, thus making the word “pea.” The Latin name resembles the older Greek pisos, or pison.

What is the leaf arrangement on a pea plant?

Pea Leaf Development The mature wild-type pea leaf shown in Figure 1A is compound pinnate, consisting of a basal pair of foliaceous stipules, a pair of proximal leaflets, two pairs of distal tendrils, and a terminal tendril.

Why is a pea called a pea?

Why pea plant was chosen by Mendel?

To study genetics, Mendel chose to work with pea plants because they have easily identifiable traits (Figure below). For example, pea plants are either tall or short, which is an easy trait to observe. Furthermore, pea plants grow quickly, so he could complete many experiments in a short period of time.