What are the directional terms of the human body?

Anatomical Directional Terms

  • Anterior: In front of, front.
  • Posterior: After, behind, following, toward the rear.
  • Distal: Away from, farther from the origin.
  • Proximal: Near, closer to the origin.
  • Dorsal: Near the upper surface, toward the back.
  • Ventral: Toward the bottom, toward the belly.
  • Superior: Above, over.

What is an example of a directional term?

We can also use directional terms for internal structures. For example, the lungs are lateral to the heart and the heart is medial to the lungs.

What is the orientation of the human body?

Standard anatomical position of the human body consists of the body standing upright and facing forward with the legs parallel to one another. The upper limbs, or arms, hang at either side and the palms face forward.

Which directional term indicates the back of the body?

Posterior (or dorsal) Describes the back or direction toward the back of the body.

Is cranial a directional term?

Directional Terms Superior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity). Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).

What is the directional term for the lungs?

Directional terms – examples of usage

superior (above) ex: the heart is superior to the diaphragm
inferior (below) ex: the liver is inferior to the diaphragm
medial (toward the median plane) ex: the heart is medial to the lungs
lateral (away from the median plane) ex: the eyes are lateral to the nose

What is distal and proximal?

In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. The thumb is distal to the wrist. Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What directional term is the lungs to the heart?

ex: the heart is medial to the lungs. lateral (away from the median plane) ex: the eyes are lateral to the nose. proximal (closer to the point of attachment or origin) ex: the elbow is proximal to the wrist.