What are the parts of a topicality argument?
Topicality arguments are generally broken into four subpoints. They are: definition, standards, violation, and voting issues. In order to win a topicality argument, a negative needs to isolate one word or term in the resolution that the affirmative has not upheld in their interpretation of the resolution.
What are the terms used in a debate speech?
Contention – a debate case is organized into contentions – claims made for or against the resolution – usually stated in one declarative sentence. Cross Examination – questioning period. Refutation – directly attacking the opposing debater/s’ arguments.
How do you answer topicality in policy debate?
Strategic Advice for Answering Topicality Always put the negative’s topicality argument(s) first in your 2AC, 1AR, and 2AR order. If you put a disadvantage last and fail to get to it, you can always try to outweigh the disadvantage with your affirmative harms.
What is a solvency argument?
Solvency. Solvency is a stock issue in policy debate, referring to the effectiveness of the affirmative plan or the negative counterplan in solving the harms or problems of the status quo.
What are the three parts of a topicality argument?
Structure of Negative’s Argument
- Interpretation – Also known as “definition”, interpretation of a word or words in the resolution, often supported by evidence.
- Violation – Reason(s) why the plan does not meet the interpretation.
- Standards – Reason(s) why the interpretation is superior.
What is the meaning of topicality?
Definition of topicality 1 : the quality or state of being topical. 2 : an item of topical interest.
What are breaks in debate?
Breaking /Breaks, Clearing, or Advancing When a student breaks, clears, or advances at a tournament that means they did well enough in preliminary rounds to continue on to the elimination rounds. Some tournaments will have as many as four or five elimination rounds.
What is a counterplan in debate?
While some conceptions of debate theory require the negative position in a debate to defend the status quo against an affirmative position or plan, a counterplan allows the negative to defend a separate plan or an advocacy.
What are burdens in debate?
The argumentative burden describes the responsibilities of each participant of the argument. The person speaking in favor of the claim or promoting the claim has different responsibilities in an argument than the person speaking against the claim and defending the current situation.
How do you argue topicality?
To contest the topicality of the affirmative, the negative interprets a word or words in the resolution and argues that the affirmative does not meet that definition, that the interpretation is preferable, and that non-topicality should be a voting issue.
Is topicality a real word?
noun, plural top·i·cal·i·ties for 2. the state or quality of being topical. a detail or matter of current or local interest.