What causes ovarian torsion?

Ovarian torsion occurs most frequently in women during their reproductive years, but it does sometimes happen in prepubescent girls. Having a cyst on your ovary is the biggest risk factor for ovarian torsion, because a cyst can make the ovary unbalanced and cause it to twist on itself.

Is the ovary part of the Adnexa?

Adnexa is a Latin word meaning attachment or appendages. It refers to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments that hold the reproductive organs in place. These are all located in your lower abdomen near your pelvic bone.

What does ovarian cyst Nos mean?

Unspecified ovarian cyst, unspecified side. International Classification of Diseases, Version 10 – Clinical Modification. CUI. CYST. Coding Symbols for a Thesaurus of Adverse Reaction Terms.

Can ovarian torsion cause death?

This twisting can cut off blood flow to the ovary and fallopian tube. Ovarian torsion can cause severe pain and other symptoms because the ovary is not receiving enough blood. If the blood restriction continues for too long, it can lead to tissue death. Ovarian torsion usually affects only one ovary.

Can ovarian torsion resolve itself?

Sometimes ovarian torsion resolves itself on its own, as it did with Philipps. This is called intermittent torsion, meaning that the torsed ovary twists back into place and then ceases twisting. However, experts say you shouldn’t wait to see if the ovary will twist back on its own.

What happens if an ovary dies?

Unless the twist is undone soon after it occurs, however, the ovary becomes so swollen with blood that it cannot accept any more. The ovary dies. One result is intense pain, from the ovary itself and from the surrounding pelvic lining, which grows inflamed from the decay of the dying organ.

How common is ovarian torsion?

The incidence of ovarian torsion among women of all ages is 5.9 per 100,000 women, and the incidence among women of reproductive age (15–45 years) is 9.9 per 100,000 women. In 70% of cases, it is diagnosed in women between 20 and 39 years of age. The risk is greater during pregnancy and in menopause.

What causes adnexal fullness?

Most adnexal masses are caused by problems with the female reproductive system. The most common causes include: Ovarian cysts. These fluid-filled cysts form on your ovaries.

What is considered a large adnexal cyst?

If an adnexal mass larger than 6 cm is found on ultrasonography, or if findings persist longer than 12 weeks, referral to a gynecologist or gynecologic oncologist is indicated.