What is a brownfield?

A brownfield is a property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the presence or potential presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant.

What is an example of brownfields?

In simple terms, a brownfield is property that is either contaminated or that people think might be contaminated. Common examples of brownfields include former gas stations, metal plating facilities, and dry cleaners.

What are the benefits of redeveloping brownfields?

Redeveloping brownfields reduces the amount of impervious surface expansion by 73-80%. The study results show that, on average, for every 1 brownfield acre redeveloped, approximately 1.3 to 4.6 acres of new impervious surface will not need to be built.

What is a brownfield Opportunity Area?

The Brownfield Opportunity Area (BOA) Program is operated by the New York State Department of State and provides state planning funds to community-based organizations (CBOs) and municipalities to develop community plans for areas with multiple vacant properties or brownfields.

How many brownfields are there in the world?

Estimates of the number of brownfield sites range from 400,000 to over one million. The vast majority of brownfields are found in urban industrial areas and tend to be disproportionately located in working class communities and/or communities of color.

What is the difference between greenfield and brownfield?

Greenfield and brownfield investments are two types of foreign direct investment. With greenfield investing, a company will build its own, brand new facilities from the ground up. Brownfield investment happens when a company purchases or leases an existing facility.

Can you build brownfield?

The benefits of building on brownfield land This means that much of the infrastructure needed for new homes, such as transport and utilities, is already in place, which can reduce developer costs and timescales. Development of large brownfield sites can visually transform a neighbourhood and have economic benefits.

What are the disadvantages of building on brownfield sites?

Disadvantages

  • Have to be cleared or destroy what the land was orginally used for.
  • Less space for gardens.
  • Dont have much choice on what to build.
  • Buying land is expensive.

What are the societal benefits of a brownfield reclamation?

Social. Cleaning up and addressing contamination at brownfields can remove the risk of exposure, protecting human health and improving the safety of the local community. Reusing brownfields can also create new commercial, residential, and recreational opportunities, improving the quality of life for the local community …

What is BOA designation?

▐ BOA Designation Benefits Designation of a Brownfield Opportunity Area (BOA) facilitates the realization of the vision and goals outlined in the BOA Plan, returns brownfield sites to productive use, and restores environmental quality.

What are brownfield investments?

A brownfield (also known as “brown-field”) investment is when a company or government entity purchases or leases existing production facilities to launch a new production activity. This is one strategy used in foreign direct investment.

Why are brownfields bad for the environment?

Brownfields can also directly impact public and environmental health due to contamination that can pollute soil, air, and water resources on- and off-site. People might be exposed to these hazards by walking on the site, by wind carrying contamination off of the site, or by drinking groundwater affected by the site.