What is aldol condensation reaction with example?

An aldol condensation is a condensation reaction in organic chemistry in which an enol or an enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound to form a β-hydroxyaldehyde or β-hydroxyketone (an aldol reaction), followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone….

Aldol condensation
RSC ontology ID RXNO:0000017

What occurs during an aldol condensation reaction?

An aldol condensation is a condensation reaction in organic chemistry in which an enol or an enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound to form a β-hydroxyaldehyde or β-hydroxyketone (an aldol reaction), followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone.

How do you do aldol condensation reaction?

In an aldol condensation, an enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound in the presence of acid/base catalyst to form a β-hydroxy aldehyde or β-hydroxy ketone, followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone. It is a useful carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction.

Which molecules possibly shows aldol condensation reaction?

Ethyl 2-methylacetoacetate and campholenic aldehyde react in an Aldol condensation. The synthetic procedure is typical for this type of reaction. In the process, in addition to water, an equivalent of ethanol and carbon dioxide are lost in decarboxylation.

What is aldol example?

Aldol structural units are found in many important molecules, whether naturally occurring or synthetic. For example, the aldol reaction has been used in the large-scale production of the commodity chemical pentaerythritol and the synthesis of the heart disease drug Lipitor (atorvastatin, calcium salt).

Which Carbohydrateanion is formed in aldol condensation?

Aldol Condensation Reaction Aldol Condensation can be defined as an organic reaction in which enolate ion reacts with a carbonyl compound to form β-hydroxy ketone or β-hydroxy aldehyde, followed by dehydration to give a conjugated enone.

Does benzaldehyde have alpha hydrogen?

There is no alpha hydrogen in benzaldehyde because the functional group here is carbonyl and the alpha carbon to this is the carbon attached to the benzene ring is the carbonyl. Therefore, there is no hydrogen that can be considered as alpha hydrogen.

What is cross aldol condensation Class 12?

When aldol condensation is carried out between two different aldehydes, or two different ketones, or an aldehyde and a ketone, then the reaction is called a cross-aldol condensation. If both the reactants contain α-hydrogens, four compounds are obtained as products.

What are carbohydrates HSC?

Carbohydrates are optically active polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones or the compounds which can be hydrolysed to polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones.

How do you form enone?

The most reliable method for making the enone is to alkylate the Mannich base with MeI and then treat the ammonium salt with base. Enolate ion formation leads to an E1cB reaction rather like the dehydration of aldols, but with a better leaving group.