What is Electrochlorination process?

Electrochlorination is the process of producing hypochlorite by passing electric current through salt water. This disinfects the water and makes it safe for human use, such as for drinking water or swimming pools.

How sodium hypochlorite generator works?

Sodium Hypochlorite Generator works on electrochlorination chemical process which uses water, common salt and electricity to produce Sodium Hypochlorite(NaOCl). The brine solution (or sea water) is made to flow through an electrolyzer cell, where direct current is passed which leads to Electrolysis.

How is sodium hypochlorite produced from seawater?

The brine for electrolysis is prepared by withdrawing saturated brine from a salt saturator at a concentration of approximately 360 g/l and diluting this to 20–30 g/l. About 3 kg of sodium chloride is required to form 1 kg of chlorine; approximately 50% of the sodium chloride is converted to hypochlorite.

What is the formula of hypochlorite?

ClO⁻Hypochlorite / Formula

What happens if you run electricity through salt water?

When an electrical charge is passed through a salt (NaCl) solution, the sodium separates from the chloride. Chloride is negatively charged and is attracted to the positive side of the electrical charge where it bonds with oxygen and hydrogen from the water.

What is hypochlorite generator?

Designed to replace liquid chlorine deliveries and chlorine gas tank storage in most water treatment applications, the generator produces a strong oxidizing solution that kills Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli organisms as well as other harmful pathogens.

How is bleach manufactured?

The raw materials for making household bleach are chlorine, caustic soda and water. The chlorine and caustic soda are produced by putting direct current electricity through a sodium chloride salt solution in a process called electrolysis. Sodium chloride, common table salt, comes from either mines or underground wells.

What is the pH of sodium hypochlorite?

about 12
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) in the form of laundry bleach is available in most households. The concentrate is about 5.25 to 6 percent NaOCl, and the pH value is about 12.

What is the Iupac name for caco3?

Calcium carbonateCalcium carbonate / IUPAC ID
IUPAC name. Calcium carbonate. Other names. Aragonite; calcite; chalk; lime; limestone; marble; oyster; pearl.