What is hrHPV screening?
Primary high-risk HPV (hrHPV) DNA screening, evaluated in clinical trials, has been shown to be more effective and cost-effective than cytology screening for the detection of pre-malignant and malignant cervical lesions [1, 2].
How are HPV results reported?
HPV test results are reported as positive or negative. A positive test result indicates that evidence of an infection with a high-risk strain of HPV was found in the sample of cervical cells. If HPV genotyping was performed, results may include the individual strain of HPV detected.
What is cytology screening?
What is cytology? Cytology is the exam of a single cell type, as often found in fluid specimens. It’s mainly used to diagnose or screen for cancer. It’s also used to screen for fetal abnormalities, for pap smears, to diagnose infectious organisms, and in other screening and diagnostic areas.
What is hrHPV?
A type of human papillomavirus (HPV) that can cause cervical cancer and other types of cancer, such as cancers of the anus, vagina, vulva, penis, and oropharynx. Chronic infection with high-risk HPV can lead to cell changes that, if not treated, may become cancer. Also called high-risk human papillomavirus.
How long before HPV shows up?
According to the CDC, at least 50% of sexually active men and women will get a genital HPV infection at some point in their lives. After a person has been infected by HPV, it may take one to three months (or longer in some cases) for warts to appear.
Can high-risk HPV go away?
High-risk HPV types Infection with HPV is very common. In most people, the body is able to clear the infection on its own. But sometimes, the infection doesn’t go away. Chronic, or long-lasting infection, especially when it’s caused by certain high-risk HPV types, can cause cancer over time.
What is negative cytology?
We classify adequate samples with no abnormal cells as negative. People who receive a negative cytology report will have a repeat sample in 12 months. If the HPV positive and cytology negative result persists, we refer the patient to colposcopy on the third occurrence of this result.
What is abnormal cytology?
This means no cancer cells were identified in your urine sample. Atypical. This indicates that some abnormalities were found in your urine sample cells, but they weren’t abnormal enough to be considered cancer. Suspicious. The urine cells were abnormal and might be cancerous.