What is isoelectric EEG?

An isoelectric EEG, defined as complete loss of cortical electrical activity with maximal amplification, if sustained for an hour or more under appropriate clinical circumstances, is highly suggestive of cerebral death.

What is suppressed brain activity?

Burst suppression is an electroencephalography (EEG) pattern that is characterized by periods of high-voltage electrical activity alternating with periods of no activity in the brain. The pattern is found in patients with inactivated brain states, such as from general anesthesia, coma, or hypothermia.

What causes burst suppression EEG?

In general, burst suppression is associated with a deep state of brain inactivation and tends to develop in parallel with increased levels of the causal factor, such as hypoxia, decrease in brain temperature, or GABAergic anesthetic/drug concentration (Amzica, 2015).

What is burst suppression ratio?

The Burst Suppression Ratio (BSR) is defined as the percentage of epochs in the previous 63 seconds in which the EEG signal is considered suppressed [18]. Suppression is recognized as those periods longer than 0.5 seconds, during which the EEG voltage does not exceed approximately ± 5 μV [18,19].

What are the 5 main frequencies measured by EEG?

EEG signals provide several advantages; it is non-invasive and neurological activities can be recorded close to real-time. EEG signal has five frequency bands; delta (0.5-4Hz), theta (4-8 Hz), alpha (8-14 Hz), beta (14-30Hz) and gamma (above 30Hz) (Abo-Zahhad et al., 2015) . …

How are EEG signals generated?

The EEG is thought to be primarily generated by cortical pyramidal neurons in the cerebral cortex that are oriented perpendicularly to the brain’s surface.

What are 10 conditions diagnosed with an EEG?

10 Conditions Diagnosed With an EEG

  • Seizure Disorders. The primary use of EEG is diagnosing epilepsy and other seizure disorders.
  • Sleep Disorders. Sleep disorders range from insomnia to narcolepsy.
  • Brain Tumors. There are many types of brain tumors.
  • Brain Injury.
  • Dementia.
  • Brain Infections.
  • Stroke.
  • Attention Disorders.

What is the charge of protein?

The net charge on a protein is zero at the isoelectric point (pI), positive at pHs below the pI, and negative at pHs above the pI.

Can an EEG detect brain death?

Electroencephalography (EEG) is frequently used to assist the diagnosis of brain death.

What does a suppression ratio of zero mean?

. Where SR = suppression Ratio, D = responding during CS and B = responding before CS. If SR = 0, there were no responses during the CS and conditioning is strong.