What is organic farming introduction?
Organic farming is an agricultural system that uses fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure, green manure, and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting. It originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices.
What is organic farming PDF?
Organic farming is a production management system excluding of all synthetic off-farm inputs but rely upon on-farm agronomic, biological and mechanical methods like crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, off-farm organic waste, mineral grade rock additives and biological system of nutrient mobilization and …
Who introduced organic farming in India?
Organic farming, evolved on the basic theoretical expositions of Rodale in the United States, Lady Balfour in England and Sir Albert Howard in India in the 1940s, has progressed to cover about 23 million hectares of land all over the world.
When was organic farming first introduced?
Organic production began in America in the 1950s, although it remained a small movement for several decades. The first time the federal government recognized the existence of organic food was in 1990, when the Organic Foods Production Act was adopted as part of the Farm Bill.
What is organic farming Short answer?
organic farming, agricultural system that uses ecologically based pest controls and biological fertilizers derived largely from animal and plant wastes and nitrogen-fixing cover crops.
What is organic farming essay?
Meaning of Organic Farming: Organic farming avoids chemical pesticides and fertilizers and seeks to increase soil fertility through feeding soil micro-life with residues from life such as garbage compost and sewage, manure, plant residues, food processing wastes etc.
What is the importance of organic farming?
Advantages of organic farming It helps in keeping agricultural production at a sustainable level. It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health. It ensures optimum utilization of natural resources for short-term benefit and helps in conserving them for future generation.
What is the process of organic farming?
Crop production with the use of alternative sources of nutrients such as crop rotation, residue management, organic manures and biological inputs. Management of weeds and pests by better management practices, physical and cultural means and by biological control system.
Who is father of organic farming?
J.I Rodale, founder of the Rodale Research Institute and Organic Farming and Gardening magazine, is commonly regarded as the father of the modern organic farming movement.
Where did organic farming start?
In Germany, Rudolf Steiner’s development, biodynamic agriculture, was probably the first comprehensive system of what we now call organic farming. This began with a lecture series Steiner presented at a farm in Koberwitz (Kobierzyce now in Poland) in 1924.
What is the origin of organic?
The origin of the word ‘organic’ comes from the Greek ‘Organikos’, relating to the organ of a body. This word was later generalized to mean characteristics pertaining to, or derived from, living organisms. In chemistry, ‘organic’ refers to any molecule that contains carbon.
How organic farming is important?
Advantages of organic farming It reduces human and animal health hazards by reducing the level of residues in the product. It helps in keeping agricultural production at a sustainable level. It reduces the cost of agricultural production and also improves the soil health.