What is the murexide test used for?

noun Biochemistry. a test in which treatment of a substance, usually urine, with nitric acid and ammonia indicates the presence of uric acid by formation of murexide.

How do you perform a murexide test?

A true murexide test, with development of a pink coloration, can be carried out without using chlorine directly, by lightly spraying the paper first with a 10 per cent solution of chloramine T (B.P.) and then with N hydrochloric acid, followed by heating it in a steam-oven (96–98° C.)

How does murexide test identify caffeine?

The present research deals with the Murexide test for caffeine and theobromine. When a substance such as caffeine is treated with an oxidizing agent and eva- porated to dryness, a beautiful, brilliant purplish pir,k color appears when the residue is exposed to ammonia vapors.

What is the component of the murexide test solution?

Answer: The murexide test for uric acid consists in the reaction of uric acid with dilute nitric acid, followed by ammonia addition: a purple colouration is produced due to the formation of ammonium purpurate or murexide. The reaction mixture is heated to dryness in a porcelain dish on the water bath.

Why murexide is used in determination of calcium?

Murexide is used in analytical chemistry as a complexometric indicator for complexometric titrations, most often of calcium ions, but also for copper, nickel, cobalt, thorium and rare-earth metals. It functions as a tridentate ligand. Its use has been eclipsed by calcium-ion selective electrodes.

Which of the following is the test for the identification of anthraquinones?

The Borntrager test
The Borntrager test is used for the identification and determination of anthraquinones or glycosides, so answer (D) The Borntrager test is correct.

Which of the following is called proto alkaloid?

“Protoalkaloids”, which contain nitrogen (but not the nitrogen heterocycle) and also originate from amino acids. Examples include mescaline, adrenaline and ephedrine. Polyamine alkaloids – derivatives of putrescine, spermidine, and spermine.

How do you test caffeine content?

Many companies measure caffeine in their beverages. They use a method called ultraviolet spectroscopy, Max explains. It measures how much ultraviolet light — light close to violet, but wavelengths that people cannot see — is absorbed by different chemicals.

Which type of indicator is murexide?

Murexide is a metal indicator for Ca, Co, Cu, Ni, Th, and rare earth metals; it is also a colorimetric reagent for calcium and rare earth metals. Murexide is slightly soluble in water, alcohol, and ether.

How does the Murexide test detect the presence of purine?

The murexide test is an analytical technique to identify the presence of caffeine and other purine derivatives in a sample. The sample is then evaporated to dryness and the resulting residue is exposed to ammonia vapour. Purine alkaloids produce a pink color in this test.

What does aloin look like?

Aloin, also known as barbaloin, is a bitter, yellow-brown colored compound noted in the exudate of at least 68 Aloe species at levels from 0.1 to 6.6% of leaf dry weight (making between 3% and 35% of the total exudate), and in another 17 species at indeterminate levels [Reynolds, 1995b].