What is the role of Paclobutrazol?

Paclobutrazol stimulates the elongation of roots and the growth in stem diameter, maintains the number of the leaves and suppresses the increase in the height of plants. Paclobutrazol can change the morphology of leaves. The leaves can become thicker and the stomata of the leaves can become smaller.

How does waterlogging affect photosynthesis?

Photosynthetic Adaptation During waterlogging, stomatal conductance of leaves decreases, stomatal resistance increases, stomatal closure increases, and absorption of CO2 is reduced (Li et al., 2010). However, plants need CO2 and light for photosynthesis to maintain growth and development.

Is propiconazole a growth regulator?

Growth-regulating effects of fungicides such as propiconazole on the germination and early growth of weeds may contribute to integrated weed management, especially when adequate moisture ensures the presence of germinating seeds and small seedlings throughout the growing season.

What are plant growth promoters?

Plant Growth Promoters – They promote cell division, cell enlargement, flowering, fruiting and seed formation. Examples are auxins, gibberellins and cytokinins. Plant Growth Inhibitors – These chemicals inhibit growth and promote dormancy and abscission in plants. An example is an abscisic acid.

What products contain paclobutrazol?

There are several plant growth retardants (PGRs) that contain the active ingredient paclobutrazol, including Bonzi (Syngenta), Downsize (Greenleaf Chemical), Paczol (OHP), Piccolo and Piccolo 10XC (Fine Americas).

What is the role of paclobutrazol on flowering?

When paclobutrazol is applied to the soil, it moves up through the roots into the shoots and, due to its anti-gibberellin properties, blocks the synthesis of flowering inhibitors, thereby allowing the flower-promoting factor(s) to work.

What are waterlogged soils?

Background. Waterlogging occurs whenever the soil is so wet that there is insufficient oxygen in the pore space for plant roots to be able to adequately respire. Other gases detrimental to root growth, such as carbon dioxide and ethylene, also accumulate in the root zone and affect the plants.

Which crop is most susceptible to waterlogging?

Data from differing sources suggest a possible ranking of waterlogging tolerance. The most tolerant to most susceptible are rice, soybeans, oats, wheat, corn, barley, canola, peas, dry beans and lentils. Growth stage and variety can affect this ranking.

What is a QOL fungicide?

The Qo fungicides inhibit plant pathogens by blocking the pathogens ability to produce energy. They do this by blocking the transfer of electrons at the Quinone “outside” site of the bc1 complex (complex III in the electron transport chain).

What are the 5 plant hormones?

Since 1937, gibberellin (GA), ethylene, cytokinin, and ab- scisic acid (ABA) have joined auxin as phytohormones, and together, they are regarded as the “classical five” (Fig- ure 1).

What does paclobutrazol do to plants?

Paclobutrazol is a fungicide that is often used not to kill fungi, but to slow down top growth on plants. This is good for making sturdier, fuller plants and producing fruit more quickly.