What is Thurstone theory of intelligence?
Louis Leon Thurstone proposed theory in 1930’s that intelligence is composed of several different factors. The seven primary mental abilities in Thurstone’s model were verbal comprehension, word fluency, number facility, spatial visualization, associative memory, perceptual speed and reasoning.
How many factors are there in group factor theory?
‘Group Factor’ term was proposed to describe the ‘Group Factor’ theory. Psychologist Louis L. Thurston (1887-1955) offered a differing theory of intelligence. Instead of viewing intelligence as a single, general ability, Thurston’s theory focused on nine different “primary factors”.
What is L. L. Thurstone known for?
Louis Leon Thurstone (29 May 1887 – 30 September 1955) was a American pioneer in the fields of psychometrics and psychophysics. He conceived the approach to measurement known as the law of comparative judgment, and is well known for his contributions to factor analysis.
What are the different types of intelligence test critically discuss Thurstone’s theory of intelligence?
L. L. Thurstone tested subjects on 56 different abilities; from his data he established seven primary mental abilities relating to intelligence. He categorized them as: spatial ability, numerical ability, word fluency, memory, perceptual speed, verbal comprehension, and inductive reasoning.
What is a group factor theory?
3. Thurston’s Group Factor Theory. Louis Thurston came out with the group factor theory (1937) saying that Intelligence is a cluster of abilities. These mental operations then constitute a group. A second group of mental operations has its own unifying Primary factor; a third group has a third Primary factor and so on.
How did Thurstone challenge Spearman’s theory of intelligence?
Spearman believed that we have one general intelligence (g). Thurstone did not rank people on a single scale of general aptitude. He tested people on 7 clusters of primary mental abilities.
What was Spearman’s theory of intelligence?
Spearman’s two-factor theory proposes that intelligence has two components: general intelligence (“g”) and specific ability (“s”). To explain the differences in performance on different tasks, Spearman hypothesized that the “s” component was specific to a certain aspect of intelligence.
Why is Sternberg important?
Robert Sternberg is an expert researcher in the areas of creativity, intelligence, cognitive styles and love. He is the founder of the triarchic theory of intelligence which focuses on the concept of successful intelligence.
What is single factor theory of intelligence?
Uni or one factor theory He conceptualised intelligence as consisting of one similar set of abilities which can be used for solving any or every problem in an individual’s environment. His theory of intelligence is called Uni or one factor theory of intelligence.