Which foods have protease inhibitors?

Protease inhibitors have been found in a great variety of plants, including most legumes and cereals and certain fruits (apples, bananas, pineapples and raisins) and veget- ables (cabbage, cucumbers, potatoes, spinach and to- matoes) (4,43).

What plants have protease inhibitors?

Hence, plant protease inhibitors (PPIs) fit the definition of a functional food. Many researchers have classified these plant protease inhibitors into families such as Bowman-Birk, Kunitz, Potato I, Potato II, Serpine, Cereal, Rapeseed, Mustard, and Squash (Laskowski and Qasim, 2000; De Leo et al., 2002).

What is an example of a protease inhibitor?

Examples of protease inhibitors include ritonavir, saquinavir, and indinavir. Single-agent therapy with a protease inhibitor can result in the selection of drug-resistant HIV.

What herbs are protease inhibitors?


Plant name [family] Active principle IC50 value
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. [Asphodelaceae] Aloe emodin 8.3 µM
Citrus japonica Thunb. [Rutaceae] Hesperetin 217 µM
Isatis tinctoria L. [Brassicaceae] Sinigrin 365 µM
Indigo 752 μM

What other fruits have bromelain?

Bromelain is found in the fruit, skin and sweet juice of the pineapple plant and has been used for centuries by the indigenous people of Central and South America as a natural treatment for a number of ailments ( 5 )….What foods are rich in bromelain?

  • Kiwifruit.
  • Ginger.
  • Asparagus.
  • Sauerkraut.
  • Kimchi.
  • Yogurt.
  • Kefir.

How can protease inhibitors be reduced from food?

Protease Inhibitors in Foods More specifically, although major protease inhibitory activity stems from KTIs in raw soy milk, for example, different types of treatments, such as boiling, autoclaving, and microwave irradiation, significantly reduce KTI in soy, as well as in other types of beans [27,50,51].

How do you prevent protease inhibitors?

Soaking is typically used in combination with other methods, such as sprouting, fermenting and cooking. Bottom Line: Soaking legumes in water overnight may reduce phytate, protease inhibitors, lectins and tannins. However, the effect depends on the type of legume.

Is bromelain a protease inhibitor?

Background: Bromelain (BR) is a cysteine protease with inhibitory effects on intestinal secretion and inflammation.

What are some common protease inhibitors?

Types of protease inhibitors

  • Aptivus (tipranavir)
  • Crixivan (indinavir)
  • Invirase (saquinavir)
  • Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir)
  • Lexiva (fosamprenavir)
  • Norvir (ritonavir)
  • Prezista (darunavir)
  • Reyataz (atazanavir)

Does ginger have bromelain?

These enzymes can digest protein, this is why the strength of bromelain is described by its ability to digest the protein gelatine. Our Ginger, Turmeric & Bromelain contains 100mg of Bromelain with a strength of 2000 Gelatine Digesting Units or GDU’s per gram….Natures Aid Ginger, Turmeric & Bromelain.

Size 60
Packaging 120ml green rPET bottle

Which foods contain papain?

Two of the best food sources of proteolytic enzymes are papaya and pineapple. Papayas contain an enzyme called papain, also known as papaya proteinase I. Papain is found in the leaves, roots and fruit of the papaya plant.