Which infection causes inflammation of the parotid glands?
Salivary infection, also called sialadenitis, most commonly affects the parotid salivary glands on the side of the face, near the ears or the submandibular salivary glands under the jaw.
What causes swollen parotid duct?
Infections. Viral infections such as mumps, flu, and others can cause swelling of the salivary glands. Swelling happens in parotid glands on both sides of the face, giving the appearance of “chipmunk cheeks.” Salivary gland swelling is commonly associated with mumps, happening in about 30% to 40% of mumps infections.
How do you know if your parotid gland is infected?
What are the symptoms of sialadenitis?
- Enlargement, tenderness, and redness of one or more salivary glands.
- Fever (when the inflammation leads to infection)
- Decreased saliva (a symptom of both acute and chronic sialadenitis)
- Pain while eating.
- Dry mouth (xerostomia)
- Reddened skin.
- Swelling in the cheek and neck region.
What antibiotics treat salivary gland infection?
Antibiotic therapy is with a first-generation cephalosporin (cephalothin or cephalexin) or dicloxacillin. Alternatives are clindamycin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, or ampicillin-sulbactam. Mumps is the most common viral cause of acute salivary inflammation.
Can parotid gland swelling go away on its own?
Key points about parotid duct obstruction Symptoms can include pain and swelling in the area around the back of your jaw. The condition often goes away on its own with little treatment. You may need additional treatment, such as surgery, to get rid of the stone.
Can an ear infection cause a swollen parotid gland?
When the infection occurs in the parotid glands, painful swelling or fullness may be present in front of the ear.
Can ear infection cause swollen salivary glands?
When the infection occurs in the parotid glands, painful swelling or fullness may be present in front of the ear. If the infection is in the submandibular gland, the tenderness may be felt below the jaw or in the neck.
Why is inflammation of the parotid gland so painful?
Generally, your gland starts to make saliva during a meal. But because of a blockage, the saliva might start to back up into the parotid gland. This can cause pain and swelling. Sometimes the gland and duct can become infected as a result.