Is cancer more prevalent in rural areas?

Evidence suggests that some cancers are more common in rural areas while others are more common in urban areas [10, 12, 13]. Among the four most common cancers, lung and colorectal cancers occur more often in rural populations.

Why do rural areas have poorer health?

Poorer health outcomes in rural and remote areas may be due to multiple factors including lifestyle differences and a level of disadvantage related to education and employment opportunities, as well as access to health services.

What percentage of Australians live in rural Australia?

Around 7 million people—about 28% of the Australian population—live in rural and remote areas, which encompass many diverse locations and communities (ABS 2019d). These Australians face unique challenges due to their geographic location and often have poorer health outcomes than people living in metropolitan areas.

What are the health issues in rural areas?

Contagious, infectious and waterborne diseases such as diarrhoea, amoebiasis, typhoid, infectious hepatitis, worm infestations, measles, malaria, tuberculosis, whooping cough, respiratory infections, pneumonia and reproductive tract infections dominate the morbidity pattern, especially in rural areas.

Is cancer more common in rural or urban areas?

While rural areas have lower incidence of cancer than urban areas, they have higher cancer death rates. The differences in death rates between rural and urban areas are increasing over time.

Are cancer rates higher in agricultural areas?

Meta-analyses of these studies indicate farmers have significantly lower mortality rates than the general population. Despite this overall favorable mortality experience, farmers appear to have higher than expected rates for a few cancers.

Is it healthier to live in rural areas?

They have lower cancer death rates, experience less stress, suffer less respiratory disease and report a greater “sense of community belonging,” it added. Among the health challenges faced by those who live in rural areas is that their remoteness often requires them to travel longer distances to obtain care.

Is life expectancy lower in rural areas?

Overall life expectancy in the United States has increased over the past decades, but more slowly in rural areas. One study found that the life expectancy gap between urban and rural areas has grown from 0.4 years in 1971 to 2.0 years in 2009.

Where do most Aboriginal live in Australia?

New South Wales
The figure shows that the majority (34.2%) of Indigenous Australians live in New South Wales, followed by Queensland (25.6%) and Western Australia (13.0%). The Australian Capital Territory has the smallest proportion of Australia’s Indigenous population (1.0%).

What percentage of Australians live within 50km of the coastline?

85 per cent
Our coast is intimately linked to our national economy, industry, arts, social lifestyle and cultural identity, with more than 85 per cent of Australians living within 50 kilometres of the sea.

How does living in a rural area affect health?

Rural residents report less leisure-time physical activity and lower seatbelt use than their urban counterparts. They also have higher rates of poverty, less access to healthcare, and are less likely to have health insurance. All of these factors can lead to poor health outcomes.

How can we improve healthcare in rural areas?

States are exploring ways to address health service gaps and provide necessary care for rural patients, including leveraging the role of non-physician providers, using telehealth services, and providing home and community-based services for older adults.