What do mammogram results look like?

The radiologist will look for areas of white, high-density tissue and note its size, shape, and edges. A lump or tumor will show up as a focused white area on a mammogram. Tumors can be cancerous or benign. If a tumor is benign, it is not a health risk and is unlikely to grow or change shape.

What images are taken during a mammogram?

In a standard mammogram, you are probably familiar with the usual 4 views that will be taken: a side-to-side (MLO, we call them) and an up-down (CC) image of each breast. However, it is not unusual for additional views to be needed.

How does a mammogram create an image?

In conventional film and digital mammography, a stationery x-ray tube captures an image from the side and an image from above the compressed breast. In breast tomosynthesis, the x-ray tube moves in an arc over the breast, capturing multiple images from different angles.

How many pictures do you need for a mammogram?

Most often, two pictures are taken of each breast — one from the side and one from above. A screening mammogram takes about 20 minutes from start to finish.

Is mammogram better than ultrasound?

In general, no. It’s possible that breast ultrasounds may miss some smaller tumors that can be detected with mammography. In addition, ultrasounds are less accurate if you are overweight or have large breasts. If you are pregnant, you should not have a mammogram.

Why do they take extra pictures during mammogram?

A diagnostic mammogram is done just like a screening mammogram, but more pictures are taken so that any areas of concern can be looked at more closely.

Where are breast lumps usually located?

In women, breast cancer lumps are usually found in the upper outer quadrant of the breast. In men, they’re usually found near the nipple.

What are the 2 types of mammography?

There are two main types of mammography: film-screen mammography and digital mammography, also called full-field digital mammography or FFDM.

How painful is a mammogram?

The compression can make a mammogram painful for some women, but for most it is mildly uncomfortable, and the sensation lasts for just a short time. Still, some women may skip regular mammograms because they’re anxious or stressed about the discomfort.