Which amino acid sequence is most prone to deamidation?

Particular groups of amino acids in the protein chain are thought to be targets for deamidation, namely asparagine-glycine and asparagine-serine. Asparagine-threonine has also been identified as being prone to attack, while glutamine also undergoes a similar deamidation reaction, although to a lesser extent [13,14].

What is deamidation for antibody?

Asparagine deamidation is a common chemical degradation that has been widely studied. It is of particular significance to monoclonal antibodies, which have a half-life of up to 29 days in vivo and are thus potentially highly susceptible to this degradation, which may adversely impact therapeutic efficacy.

What is the purpose of deamidation?

Deamidation commonly affects asparagine (Asn or N) residues of proteins, but can also affect glutamine (Gln or Q) residues. 5 Deamidation in vivo is thought to play an important role in aging, acting as a molecular timer for certain biological processes.

What is Asn in proteins?

Asparagine (symbol Asn or N), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. It contains an α-amino group (which is in the protonated −NH + 3.

What is the difference between deamidation and deamination?

As nouns the difference between deamidation and deamination is that deamidation is (biochemistry) the conversion of glutamine, asparagine, glutamine residues in a polypeptide to glutamic acid or aspartic acid by treatment with strong acid, transamidase or deamidase while deamination is deamination.

Where does deamidation occur?

In the human body, deamination takes place primarily in the liver, however it can also occur in the kidney. In situations of excess protein intake, deamination is used to break down amino acids for energy. The amino group is removed from the amino acid and converted to ammonia.

What amino acid is produced when glutamine is Deamidated?

pyroglutamic acid
As a free amino acid, or as the N-terminal residue of a peptide or protein, glutamine deamidates readily to form pyroglutamic acid (5-oxoproline).

Is deamidation a post translational modification?

Deamidation is a post-translational modification in which ammonia is removed from the peptide chain by hydrolysis of the amide groups where a glutamine or asparagine residue is transformed into an acidic carboxylate group, glutamic acid and aspartic acid, respectively.

How can deamidation be prevented?

Optimizing pH is the best approach for stabilizing proteins against deamidation and isomerization. Deamidation reactions are base-catalyzed and increase between pH 5–8; optimal pH for preventing deamidation is usually pH 3–5.

Is ASN polar or nonpolar?


Amino acid Abbreviations
Alanine Ala nonpolar (2)
Arginine Arg polar (1)
Asparagine Asn polar (1)
Aspartic acid Asp polar (1)