Why does tibia vara occur?

Blount disease most likely is caused by a combination of excessive compressive forces on the proximal medial metaphysis of the tibia and altered enchondral bone formation.

How is tibia vara treated?

As with the infantile form of the disease, there are multiple surgical approaches to correction, which include proximal tibial osteotomy, hemiepiphysiodesis, guided growth, and external fixation with distraction osteogenesis. As in the infantile form, osteotomy remains the most common method of treatment.

What is tibia varus?

Tibia vara (also known as genu varus and bow-leggedness) is a varus deformity with outward bowing at the knee and medial angulation (inward) of the lower leg in relation to the thigh’s coronal axis. The differential of bow-legging in children is long, with common causes including Blount disease and rickets.

How do you tell if you have Blounts disease?

Blount’s disease is diagnosed by physical exam and X-ray. If Blount’s disease is suspected, your pediatric orthopaedic specialist will order an X-ray. X-rays may demonstrate the deformity in the bone and may also show abnormalities at the growth plate.

What causes bow legs in adults?

In adults, bowing of the legs can be the result of osteoarthritis or wear-and-tear arthritis of the knees. 4 This condition can wear away the cartilage and surrounding bone of the knee joint. If the wear is more on the inner side of the knee joint, a bow-legged deformity may develop.

Is Bow legs normal?

This is called physiologic bow legs. It’s considered a normal part of a child’s growth and development. As a child starts walking, the bowing might increase a bit and then get better. Children who start walking at a younger age have more noticeable bowing.

Is Blount’s disease painful?

The most obvious sign of Blount disease is a bowing of the leg below the knee. In young kids, it’s usually not painful, but it can affect their appearance and how they walk. For preteens and teens, Blount disease may cause knee pain that gets worse with activity.

Is Blount’s disease curable?

In some instances, the best treatment for Blount’s disease is a surgical operation. These are generally cases in which a child’s bracing treatment has not been effective in correcting the bowing of the legs, or in which the condition is identified in children older than ages 3 or 4, with more severe bowing.

Is bow legged a deformity?

Bowleg deformity is an incorrect alignment around the knee that can affect people of all ages. The condition is also known by various other common names and medical terms, including bow leg, bandy-leg, bowleg sydrome, bowed legs, varus deformity, genu varum, and tibia vara.

How do you fix Blount’s disease?

Many different types of surgeries can correct Blount disease — some involve cutting the tibia, realigning it, and holding it in place with a plate and screws (this is called an osteotomy); some involve removing the damaged growth plate; and some use a device called an external fixator to hold the bones in place from …

Why are my knees not straight?

Knock knees (genu valgum) is a condition in which the knees tilt inward while the ankles remain spaced apart. The condition is slightly more common in girls, though boys can develop it too. Knock knees are usually part of a child’s normal growth and development.

What is valgus knee?

Valgus knee is a lower leg deformity that exists when the bone at the knee joint is angled out and away from the body’s midline. This causes the inability for a person to touch his or her ankles while the knees touch together.